Science

SHSD Science



 Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS):


NGSS Logo

In 2014, New Jersey adopted the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) with full implementation in grades 6-12 by 2016-27 and K-5 by 2017-18.  The simplistic goal of the standards is to help ensure students are learning science by 'doing science' rather than 'learning about science'.   To learn more about the standards, there are several resources linked below. 

NGSS Overview Video - Click Here

Why NGSS Video? - Click Here

NGSS Parent Q&A - Click Here

Frequently Asked Questions about NGSS - Click Here

NGSS Resources for Parents - Click Here


 Bedwell Elementary Science
The Kindergarten science modules descriptions are shown below.  Click on the module’s name to access related instructional materials.

MODULES

DESCRIPTION

Trees Homes

Tree Homes encourages appreciation for trees and for the animals that live in tree homes. The unit is designed to stimulate children's interest in the world around them and in the biological need for warmth and shelter. It introduces different parenting and nesting strategies, and compares the characteristics and behaviors of various tree-home animals. In six main activities, students become familiar with a living tree and then build a child-size tree from cardboard boxes, paper, and cardboard tubes. They make paper models of raccoons and owls, and the class role-plays tree-home dramas about raccoons, a mother bear and her cubs, and a family of owls. Math concepts of sorting/classifying and measurement are emphasized throughout.
Trees The giant sequoia is the most massive living organism on Earth. It is a tree, magnificent in dimension and awe inspiring in its longevity and durability. To stand in the company of such giants is to experience the scale of life.  To a kindergartner the oak on the corner, the pines at the park, and the mulberry trees at school are giants. Systematic investigation of trees over the seasons will bring students to a better understanding of trees   place at school and in the community. Students will observe changes in weather day to day, over the year, and the impact weather has on living things. Students will have some solid experiences to help them know plants and their place on Earth.

Penguins and Their Young

Inch for inch and toe to toe, an emperor penguin and a young child can pretty well relate. Drawing on the natural empathy of children for these beautiful and endearing birds, this guide invokes mathematics, the physical and life sciences, and language development in an assortment of activities that explore the emperor penguin and its habitat.

Eggs, Eggs, Everywhere

More thapre-n a scramble, more than an Easter hunt, more than just chickens...eggs house a wealth of life-science information in a neat and beautiful package. This guide introduces young children to the wonder of—and the story inside—eggs from a variety of creatures, allowing them to begin developing key concepts in biology and the life sciences.

Animal Defenses

If you imagined away an animal's claws (or teeth or horns or stinger), what would it be? Somebody's lunch, presumably. Beginning with just such a defenseless imaginary prototype, this highly visual unit invites children to add protective structures to help "their animal" cope with the big, predatory world. Using Tyrannosaurus rex as star predator, the first session introduces the concept of defense, sparking the idea with classroom dramas and illustrated encounters. Session 2 elaborates on defensive behaviors drawing on such familiar contemporary animals as cats, dogs, and reptiles to study how defensive mechanisms can include cryptic coloration, hiding, playing dead, or climbing a tree. Enthusiastic role-play brings these and other defensive behaviors to life. This unit is an excellent way to introduce the biological concept of predator/prey and help young students understand the distinction between defensive structures and defensive behaviors. The GEMS guide Hide a Butterflyexplores the concepts of camouflage and predator/prey as they apply to one insect, making it a natural "zoom-in" follow-up to this unit.

Grade 1 FOSS

The FOSS Grade 1 modules descriptions are shown below.  Click on the module’s name to access related instructional materials.

MODULES

DESCRIPTION

Balance & Motion

We live in a dynamic world where everything is in motion, or so it seems. But not everything is moving the same way. Some things move from one place to another. Other things go around and around in a rotational motion. Still other things are stationary, stable for a time, balanced on a thin line between stop and go. These are the global phenomena that students experience in the Balance and Motion Module.

Air & Weather

The Air and Weather Module consists of four sequential investigations, each designed to introduce concepts in physical and earth science. The investigations allow young students to explore the natural world by using simple tools to observe properties of air and to measure and monitor change in the weather from day to day and over the seasons.

New Plants

The New Plants Module provides experiences that heighten students' awareness of the diversity of life in the plant kingdom. Students care for plants to learn what they need to grow and develop. They observe the structures of flowering plants and discover ways to propagate new plants from mature plants (from seeds, bulbs, roots, and stem cuttings). They observe and describe changes that occur as plants grow, and organize their observations on a calendar and in a journal.

Grade 2 FOSS

The FOSS Grade 2 modules descriptions are shown below.  Click on the module’s name to access related instructional materials.
MODULES DESCRIPTION

Insects


The Insects Module provides experiences that heighten students' awareness of the diversity of animal forms. They come to know firsthand the life sequences of a number of insects. In each investigation an insect is introduced, and students observe structures and behaviors, discuss their findings, and ask questions. Students observe life cycles of insects and compare the stages of metamorphosis exhibited by each species.
Solids and Liquids
The Solids and Liquids Module provides experiences that heighten students' awareness of the physical world. Matter with which we interact exists in three fundamental states: solid, liquid, and gas. In this module first and second graders have introductory experiences with two of these states of matter, solid and liquid.
Balance & Motion We live in a dynamic world where everything is in motion, or so it seems. But not everything is moving the same way. Some things move from one place to another. Other things go around and around in a rotational motion. Still other things are stationary, stable for a time, balanced on a thin line between stop and go. These are the global phenomena that students experience in the Balance and Motion Module.

Grade 3 FOSS

The FOSS Grade 3 modules descriptions are shown below.  Click on the module’s name to access related instructional materials.

MODULES

DESCRIPTION


Magnetism & Electricity

The Magnetism and Electricity Module consists of five sequential investigations, each designed to introduce or reinforce concepts in physical science. Students experience magnetism and electricity as related effects and learn useful applications of magnetism and electricity in everyday life.

Earth Materials

The Earth Materials Module consists of four sequential investigations dealing with observable characteristics of solid materials from the earth – rocks and minerals. The focus is on taking materials apart to find what they are made of and putting materials together to better understand their properties. The module introduces fundamental concepts in earth science and takes advantage of the students' intrinsic interest in the subject matter and in the physical world around them.

Sun, Moon, & Stars

The Sun, Moon, and Stars Module consists of three sequential investigations, each designed to introduce students to objects we see in the sky. Through outdoor observations made during the day and at night, active simulations, readings, videos, and discussions, students study the Sun, Moon, and stars to learn that these objects move in regular and predictable patterns that can be observed, recorded, and analyzed.

 

In Grade 4 we have a comprehensive curriculum designed to strengthen the student’s scientific inquiry from the past 4 years.  Students are engaged in specific investigations with topics including: Scientific Inquiry, Life Science and the study of Animal Habitats, Weather and the Water Cycle, Earth and Space Science, Environmental Science, and Physical Science.


 Bernardsville Middle School

Grade 5 FOSS

The FOSS Grade 5 modules descriptions are shown below.  Click on the module’s name to access related instructional materials.
MODULES DESCRIPTION
Mixtures & Solutions The Mixtures and Solutions Module has five investigations that introduce students to fundamental ideas about matter and its interactions. Students come to know that matter is made of particles too small to be seen and develop the understanding that matter is conserved when it changes state—from solid to liquid to gas—when it dissolves in another substance, and when it is part of a chemical reaction. Students have experiences with mixtures, solutions of different concentrations, and reactions forming new substances. They also engage in engineering experiences with separation of materials. Students gain experiences that will contribute to the understanding of crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; scale, proportion, and quantity; systems and system models; and energy and matter.
Earth and Sun The constant renewal of water on Earth’s land surfaces by the activities in the atmosphere is one of the defining characteristics of Earth, the water planet. The Earth and Sun Module provides students with experiences to explore the properties of the atmosphere, energy transfer from the Sun to Earth, and the dynamics of weather and water cycling in Earth’s atmosphere. Other experiences help students to develop and use models to understand Earth’s place in the solar system, and the interactions of Earth, the Sun, and the Moon to reveal predictable patterns—daily length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of stars in the night sky. Students gain experiences that will contribute to the understanding of crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; scale, proportion, and quantity; systems and system models; and energy and matter.
Living Systems The Living Systems Module has four investigations that focus on systems as the unit of study. The idea of a system is one of the grand integrating (crosscutting) concepts that pervades all of science. Students start by looking at Earth as the interaction of four Earth systems or subsystems—the geosphere, the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, and the biosphere. The focus of the module then turns to the biosphere as students explore ecosystems and organisms in terms of their interacting parts.

Grade 6 FOSS

The FOSS Grade 6 modules descriptions are shown below.  Click on the module’s name to access related instructional materials.

MODULES

DESCRIPTION

Diversity of Life

Middle school students are ready to consider what it means to be a living organism. What are the characteristics that scientists use to define life? Are those characteristics hard and fast or are they flexible? Does something as outlandish as an archaeon that lives in boiling hot springs or a virus that depends upon other life-forms to reproduce fit into the definition students create? Students consider these questions as they encounter life throughout the course.

Populations and Ecosystems

Organisms depend on their ecosystem for survival. Energy and matter, in the form of food, flow through an ecosystem. The critical role of photosynthetic organisms in creating food is what allows the rest of the organisms in the ecosystem to exist. Disruption to one element of the ecosystem produces waves and ripples that touch every member of the system. Changes may produce pressures in the ecosystem. When change is precipitous, a population may be exterminated.This course provides students with the first steps along the path of ecological understanding, with the hope that their future steps will be considered and measured, serving the interests of all life.

Heredity and Adaptation

The theory of evolution is the unifying principle that explains both the similarity and diversity of life. Evolution forms the foundation of modern biology and is supported by a vast array of observable evidence. Middle school students are ready to explore the varied lines of evidence, including the fossil record, the similarities between past and present organisms, the genetic principles of inheritance, and how natural selection produces adaptations that lead to changes in species and eventually the creation of new species.

Human Systems Interactions

Life is a complex of interactions; human life is no exception. The basis of the human body is the cell. Associations of cells work together to form tissues, which form organs. Organs work together to perform specific functions in organ systems. And finally, the array of organ systems make up a human body. Middle school students are prepared to explore how organ systems interact to support each and every cell in the body. What happens when the body is attacked by an invader or an organ system malfunctions? How do cells get the resources they need to live? How do cells gain access to the energy stored in energy-rich compounds? How do systems support the human organism as it senses and interacts with the environment?

Grade 7 FOSS

The FOSS Grade 7 modules descriptions are shown below.  Click on the module’s name to access related instructional materials.

MODULES

DESCRIPTION

Chemical Interactions

Middle school students are ready to consider what it means to be a living organism. What are the characteristics that scientists use to define life? Are those characteristics hard and fast or are they flexible? Does something as outlandish as an archaeon that lives in boiling hot springs or a virus that depends upon other life-forms to reproduce fit into the definition students create? Students consider these questions as they encounter life throughout the course.

Waves

By middle school, students have heard about waves but likely have had little science instruction on the topic. This is developmentally appropriate, because the fundamental characteristics that describe wave behavior and properties are described in terms of mathematical relationships and graphical models that are best suited for students in middle school. This puts teachers of FOSS Waves in an exciting position, with the opportunity to delve into new content and challenge students to think about concepts they have never considered before. And the content of FOSS Waves is equally exciting to students as they manipulate springs and lasers to determine properties that eventually will be used to explain how their cell phones work. The classroom will be abuzz with excitement throughout this course.

Gravity and Kinetic Energy

Coming Soon

Electromagnetic Forces

Coming Soon

Variables and Design

Coming Soon

Grade 8 FOSS

The FOSS Grade 8 modules descriptions are shown below.  Click on the module’s name to access related instructional materials.

MODULES

DESCRIPTION

Weather and Water

The FOSS Weather and Water Course focuses on Earth’s atmosphere, weather, and water. Students will delve into topics that may seem unrelated to weather, including a good dose of physics and a bit of chemistry. A good understanding of meteorology as an earth science isn’t complete without an introduction to concepts that cross into these disciplines.

Earth History

Middle school students are ready to exercise their inferential thinking, and the study of Earth history is made to order for this effort. They can begin to grapple with Earth's processes and systems that have operated over geological time. Students should make observations and do investigations that involve constructing and using conceptual models. They should generate questions for investigation, which may lead to new questions. Through their study of Earth history, students should become more confident in their ability to ask good questions and to recognize and use evidence from the rocks to come up with explanations of past environments.

Planetary Science

Astronomy is the study of everything we can observe and imagine beyond Earth – the Moon, the Sun, the solar system with all its planets and lesser objects, the Milky Way, and the vastness of the cosmos. Astronomers ask fundamental questions. When and where did the universe start? Why is it expanding? What is the destiny of the universe? Astronomers endeavor to answer these questions by determining the kinds and numbers of objects in the cosmos, the composition of those objects, their motions, and their interactions with one another. Because Earth is part of this ultimate system, the science of astronomy includes the study of our own planet.



Bernards High School
The presentation below showcases the four year Science course sequence students are exposed to at Bernards High School.



The BHS program of studies (shown below) lists the current science course offerings and descriptions at Bernards High School.
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